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Creation and Classification
Wednesday, 08 September 2010 18:10   

One of the main concerns of national authorities is to endow the country with tourism infrastructures that promote high added value tourism, which presumes the establishment of specific tourism areas, as well as, the development and implementation of tourism development plans that preserve and enhance the natural conditions.

Thus, the creation of Special Tourism Areas (ZTE) was a strategic measure for the development Capeverdean tourism.

Established in 1993, the Special Tourism Areas are classified as:

  • Integrated Tourism Development Areas - Areas that, given their excellent geographical conditions and landscape values, are particularly apt for tourism and are declared as such by the Government. So far, the Government has created 6 ZDTIs, being 3 on the Island of Boa Vista and 3 on the Island of Maio.


  • Tourism Protected and Reserve Areas - This category of ZTE includes two different modalities: on the one hand, there are the protected areas, with their high natural and landscape value and need for preservation in order to ensure the competitiveness of Cape Verde’s tourism product supply; on the other hand, there are the areas that, though they too have high natural and landscape value, should be set aside and for later transformed into ZDTIs. The ZRPT are the land included in a 1 km wide coastal strip surrounding the entire island of Boa Vista and of Maio. Included in the ZRPT are all the surrounding islets, and excluded from the ZRTP are:  the villages and settlements located on the coast; the areas of land for expansion; and protected areas.


An area is named as a ZDTI or ZRPT through a Regulating – Decree. The ministry overseeing the tourism sector is the entity charged with organizing the processes and submitting them to the Government, after having heard the Municipal Authorities.

The declaration of a land area as an Integral Tourism Development Area determines the following:

1. All lands located within the area, even when said lands are municipal property, as well as the buildings therein become subject to expropriation public utility status;

2. Strict prohibition of any mining activity within the lands, their coastline and beaches, namely the mining of sand, gravel and other inert materials;

3. Prohibition of any urban intervention without the relevant entity’s prior approval.

ZDTIs’ Soil use and occupation will take place in accordance with the respective Tourism Management Plans (POT). IT should be pointed out that:

  • Constructions involving three floors or more floors, measured at each point of land, cannot be built within ZDTIs, unless duly authorized by the Government; 
  • Soil use and occupation within the ZDTI will always be restricted by the obligation of preserving the quality of the landscape, where said infrastructures and buildings will be located, which must integrate perfectly within the landscape.
Tourism building areas within the ZDTIs, as well as the land occupied by social and leisure infrastructures are to be detailed in the Detailed Management Project (POD), which may be used to manage /organize the buildings volume, to readjust and complete the road systems, green areas and free spaces, and complete the utility and services networks. PODs may be prepared by the promoters.

An automatic effect of the declaration of areas as Tourism Reserves and Protection Areas is the strict prohibition of all mining activities over the whole area, the respective coastlines and beaches, namely the mining of sand, gravel and other inert material.



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