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Cape Verde

Bandeira de Cabo Verde
Brasão de Cabo Verde
FLagCoat of Arms
Motto: Unit, Work, Progress
National Anthem: Song of freedom
Gentile: Capeverdian

Localização de Cabo Verde

14° 55' N 23° 31' O
Largest cityPraia
LanguagePortuguese (official),  capeverdian Creole (non official)
GovernmentUnitary Parlamentary Democratic Republic
- PresidentJorge Carlos Fonseca
- Prime -MinisterJosé Maria Neves
- Total4 033 km² (146.º)

Capeverdian Escudo (CVE)

(indexed to euro)

Time ZoneCape Verde time - CVT (UTC-1)
Internet Cód. .cv
telef. Cód. +238
Português (Brasil)English (United Kingdom)
Cap Verde


The Cape Verde islands were discovered, uninhabited, by Portuguese navigators in May 1460. However, colonization only began in 1462. Given its strategic location, on the crossroads linking Europe, Africa and Brazil, the islands served as a trading post. During the first two centuries of colonization, slaves represented the most important commodity of Cape Verde’s exports. With the abolition of the slave trade, Cape Verde fell into decadence and survived on a subsistence economy. Free Europeans and slaves from the African coast merged into one people, originating the Capeverdean people, with their very own way of being and living, and the Capeverdean Creole emerged as the language of the mostly mixed community.

Cape Verde became an independent and sovereign country on July 5, 1975.



The residing population in Cape Verde is estimated at 491,683 inhabitants (2010), according to data released by INE (National Statistics Institute).  The age structure of the population is remarkably young, with 54,5% of individuals aged between 0-24 years and only 6,4% over 65 years, resulting in an overall average age of 24. In other words, the working population will be very significant in the medium term and may contribute to a gradual improvement in the economic activity and rise of living standards.

Education levels have improved at a considerable pace: In the 2011/2012 school year, 96% of children aged between 6 and 14 years attended primary school and 78% aged between 12 and 17 years attended secondary education. The literacy rate among the population aged 15 and above is aproximately 82,8%.


Cape Verde is a democratic, parliamentary republic, and its democracy has been considered exemplary, not only in Africa but also worldwide, by international bodies. The country enjoys peace, social and political stability, has no internal or external conflicts, and has good prospects for economic development. Presidential and legislative elections are carried out every five years, and municipal elections every four years. The President of the Party with a majority in the National Assembly (Parliament) is sworn in as Prime Minister.




Tel:  +238 251 9200

Fax: +238 251 1615

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